Y.-Y. Xiao, L.-J. Wang, S.-Y. Liu, X.-B. He, K.-C. Chou

Kinetic mechanism of FeCr2O4 reduction in carbon-containing iron melt

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall., 59 (1) (2023) 113-123. DOI:10.2298/JMMB230215010X
Full text (pdf)

Export manuscript information:
RIS Format (EndNote, Reference Manager), BibTeX
Available online 10 May 2023
(Received 15 February 2023; Accepted 04 April 2023)


Direct alloying of chromium by chromite attracts a lot of interest for its superiority in energy-saving and process simplification. The knowledge of chromium alloying by reduction of FeCr2O4, the main component of chromite, is a key to understanding the mechanism of chromium alloying from chromite. The effect of melt composition (carbon and chromium addition) and temperature on the reduction of FeCr2O4 by carbon-containing iron melt was studied. The higher the carbon content was in the melt, the higher chromium recovery was obtained. Similarly, the higher temperature is favorable for the reduction of FeCr2O4. The reduction of FeCr2O4 was impeded by chromium addition due to the lower activity of carbon resulting from the strong attraction between carbon and chromium. The kinetics of FeCr2O4 reduction by carbon dissolving in iron melt was investigated, and the results indicated that the controlling step was the chemical reaction at the FeCr2O4/melt interface at 1823K. The calculated activation energy for the chemical reaction was 392.82 kJ/mol.

Keywords: Chromium alloying; Chromite ore; FeCr2O4; Stainless steel

Correspondence Address:
L.-J. Wang,
Collaborative Innovation Center of Steel Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, China;
email: lijunwang@ustb.edu.cn

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-
ShareAlike 4.0 International License