B. Grzegorczyk, S. Rusz, P. Snopinski, O. Hilše, A. Skowronek, A. Grajcar

Effect of ECAP process on deformability, microstructure and conductivity of CuCoNi alloy

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall., 59 (1) (2023) 39-51. DOI:10.2298/JMMB220309004G
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Available online 11 January 2023
(Received 09 March 2022; Accepted 29 December 2022)


The study concerns the influence of various variants of severe plastic deformation in the Equal Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) process on the microstructure, microhardness and conductivity of the CuCoNi alloy. The evolution of the microstructure was investigated by microscopic observations and electron back-scattered diffraction (EBSD) in a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Using the Vickers method, tests of microhardness of samples were performed after various variants of the ECAP process. The conductivity was measured with an eddy current device for measuring electrical conductivity based on the complex impedance of the measuring probe. The results indicated the possibility of deformation of CuCoNi alloys in the process of pressing through the ECAP angular channel and developing their microstructure and properties. The method is an effective tool for strengthening the tested copper alloy by refinement of the microstructure. After the first pass, the grain size was reduced by 80%. Increasing the plastic deformation temperature did not significantly affect the obtained level of microstructure fragmentation – the average grain size is approx. 1.4-1.5 μm. The fragmentation of the microstructure had a negligible effect on the conductivity of the CuCoNi alloy, which after the ECAP process oscillated at the value of 13 MS/m.

Keywords: ECAP; Copper alloy; Severe plastic deformation; Microstructure; Microhardness; Conductivity

Correspondence Address:
A. Grajcar,
Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Gliwice, Poland;
email: adam.grajcar@polsl.pl

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