D.-R. Yang, Z.-L. Wu, K. Ren, P. Dong, D. Zhang, B. Yang, F. Liang

Recent advances of the thermodynamic behavior of Tin species in aqueous solution

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall., 59 (1) (2023) 1-15. DOI:10.2298/JMMB220617001Y
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Available online 11 January 2023
(Received 17 June 2022; Accepted 21 November 2022)


Thermodynamic behavior has been extensively used to evaluate the stability of materials and predict the direction of the chemical reaction at different pH values, temperatures, potentials, and ion concentrations. Although researching efforts on Sn species in an aqueous solution system (Sn/H2O) of acid, alkali, and salt have been reported, scattered data leads to the inefficiency of a thermodynamic method in the practical application. This article provides a brief review on the potential-pH diagram for Sn/H2O system, which reflects the thermodynamic behavior of Sn species in an aqueous solution and extracts thermodynamic data for the practical application of Sn species. Firstly, the relationship of the thermodynamic behavior, potential-pH diagram, and equilibrium relations of Sn species for Sn/H2O system was overviewed. Additionally, the potential-pH diagram of Sn/H2O system at different temperatures (298 K, 373 K, and 550 K), dissolved Sn activities (1, 10−1, 10−3, and 10−6), and the potential-pH diagram of the Sn species in a chloridion aqueous solution (Sn/H2O-Cl) was summarized. Finally, the application prospect of the potential-pH diagram for Sn/H2O system was investigated in the intelligent simulation of Sn metallurgy and the practical application of Sn materials.

Keywords: Sn/H2O system; Potential-pH diagrams; Thermodynamic behavior; Redox potential; Equilibrium

Correspondence Address:
D. Zhang; F. Liang,
Faculty of Metallurgical and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China; National Engineering Research Center for Vacuum Metallurgy, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China;
email: d912080781@163.com; liangfeng@kust.edu.cn

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