Characterization and process development for the selective removal of Sn, Sb and As from anode slime obtained from electrolytic copper refining

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall. 54 (1) B (2018) 81-89. DOI:10.2298/JMMB170504051S
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The aim of this work was to develop a process for the removal of Sn, Sb and As from anode slime out of copper refinery to disburden a subsequent pyrometallurgical processing for precious metals refinement. For this reason, a detailed literature survey was conducted, followed by a characterization to find the present compounds/alloys and their morphology. A newly developed process concept for the separate extraction of the afore mentioned three target metals was developed and verified by leaching experiments, combined with thermodynamic calculations on their behavior under varying conditions. In this context, the influence of leaching temperature, alkalinity of leaching solution, and solid-liquid ration were evaluated on the extraction yields of Sn, As, and Sb, as well as how to exploit these findings to obtain separate streams enriched in the respective metals.
Keywords: Anode slime; Arsenic; Tin; Antimony; KOH; Selective leaching

Correspondence Address:
S. Steinlechner, Montanuniversitaet Leoben,
Chair of Nonferrous Metallurgy,
Leoben, Austria

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