S. Salimibani, A. Jafari-Ramiani, S. Firoozi

Modeling of partial reduction of hematite with carbon-monoxide in tunnel furnace

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall., 59 (2) (2023) 231-241. DOI:10.2298/JMMB221129020S
Full text (pdf)

Export manuscript information:
RIS Format (EndNote, Reference Manager), BibTeX
Available online 14 August 2023
(Received 29 November 2022; Accepted 07 August 2023)


DRI production in tunnel furnaces sometimes encounters an incomplete degree of reduction. A model is required to tackle heterogeneous reaction rates, crucible heat transfer, and oxide morphology. Herein, a three-phase model is proposed based on the heat and mass conservation and reaction kinetics, to describe the reduction of hematite to magnetite in the crucibles. The model was implemented via a Fortran program using finite volume discretization, and the results were validated against available experimental data. The model moderated the uncertainties in the reaction rate with a reformulation considering the solid morphology. The results also revealed that the speed and diameter of the crucible have dominant effects on the overall progress of the reduction by changing the heat transfer rate within the crucible. In contrast, the crucible thickness has a minor effect on the reaction and could be regarded as an economical parameter.

Keywords: Multiphase Modeling; Hematite; Direct Reduction; Kinetics; Ironmaking

Correspondence Address:
A. Jafari-Ramiani,
Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Faculty of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Tehran, Iran;
email: ajafari@aut.ac.ir

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-
ShareAlike 4.0 International License